- Lemon Balm is a perennial herb in the mint family Lamiaceae. It grows to 70–150 cm tall. The leaves have a gentle lemon scent, related to mint. During summer, small white flowers full of nectar appear. These attract bees.
- The crushed leaves, when rubbed on the skin, are used as a repellant for mosquitos.
- It is claimed to have antibacterial and antiviral properties (it is effective against herpes simplex).
- Lemon balm should be avoided by those on thyroid medication (such as thyroxine), as it is believed the herb inhibits the absorption of this medicine.
- Lemon balm contains eugenol, which kills bacteria and has been shown to calm muscles and numb tissues
- It is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant growing to 30–90 cm
- It is considered invasive
- Peppermint has a high menthol content, and is often used as tea and for flavouring ice cream, confectionery, chewing gum, and toothpaste
- it has been known to help with insomnia
- One animal study has suggested that Peppermint may have radioprotective effects in patients undergoing cancer treatment
- The aroma of peppermint has been found to enhance memory
- Peppermint oil has a high concentration of natural pesticides, mainly menthone
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